Health Notes 健康資訊

E. coli (Escherichia coli) is our partner

You are safe with non-pathogenic E. coli
— be aware of food safety and your hands to prevent pathogenic E. coli

The well-known bacteria Escherichia coli (abbr. E. coli) is also one of the bacteria that could be found in the digestive tract microbiome of humans and animals. Most E. coli not only do no harm to our body but also help to synthesize vitamin K and the development of the immune system. When the harmful germs are present in the colon, E. coli would protect their own spaces and fight against the harmful germs to maintain the balance of our microbiome in the colon. There are a few kinds of Escherichia coli strains outside the human colon that are pathogenic that cause illnesses like watery diarrhea and abdominal pain; some even would enter the bloodstream which causes hemolytic anemia, acute renal failure, and even death

In what circumstances will we be infected with E. coli?

    • Unbalance microbiome inside the digestive tract

People who have an unbalanced microbiome within the colon due to the application of antibiotics, chemotherapy, unscheduled meal time, unbalance nutrition intake, etc. would weaken the immune system. 

When there are not enough E. coli, C. difficile will grab the chance to be dominant in our tract and make us sick

    • People with weak immune systems

Infants that have not yet established a strong immune system, and people who are chronically ill like cancer patients whose immune system has been weakened due to illness and treatment would have higher chances to be infected.

    • Urinary tract infection for specific age of female

Girls in the age of 10 and ladies in the age of 20-40 would have higher chances to get an external infection by the urinary tract.

    • External contaminated food and beverages

Food and beverages that are unwashed or uncooked which are contaminated with E. coli from the environment can make us sick.

    • Contact the E. coli from the animal

When we have contacted the E. coli originated from animals would also cause illness as well.

There are still ways to prevent infection of pathogenic E. coli

How to protect ourselves from pathogenic E. coli

    • Wash the raw vegetables and fruits before you eat
To keep the environment bacterium-free, chlorine bleach and other natural disinfection ways are recommended to reduce the risk of infection within the same environment. Hand hygiene is always the first move to prevent infectious diseases.
    • Cook the food with a high temperature (>75°C) to kill the E. coli
Use antibiotics only under the doctor’s prescription, and follow the whole treatment prescribed by doctor.
    • people with weak immune systems shall avoid eating high-risk food
Kids, elderly, pregnant, and people with weak immune systems shall avoid eating high-risk food: Unpasteurized milk, cheese, prepared or stored salads, and cold meats C. diff.

** We are infected by E. coli only when it is no longer staying in their own digestive tract **

** Wash your hands with (liquid) soap and running water! **

Let’s fight the disease!

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